- No peace among the nations, without peace among the religions
- No peace among the religions, without dialogue between the religions,
- No dialogue between the religions, without investigation of the foundations of the religions.” — Hans Küng
To understand this, firstly, we must understand there are two types of faith that is, doctrinally tolerant faith and doctrinally intolerant faith.
Doctrinally Intolerant faith (mainly proselytizing)
When a religion can describe other religions as false or label the adherents of other religions as heathens or kafirs and lay down rules for how to treat them, exclude them or even kill them. Such religions are called as doctrinally intolerant faith.
Doctrinally tolerant faith
When a religion itself promotes tolerance among its adherents and with different faith also. The religion which treated different faith as equal as own faith considers as doctrinally tolerant faith. For example, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and Chinese religion are considered as tolerant religions.
Cause of Intolerant Indian religion
- A tolerant religion has a potential to restrain and control its adherents but when a religion itself is intolerant, it does not have the potential to restrain its intolerant adherents; it has the propensity to make even the moderate among them intolerant.
- Tolerant faiths such as Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Sikhism are tending to become intolerant when they interface with intolerant one such as Islam.
- In another sense, the intolerant religion is a mirror reflection of the tolerant religion Unless a religion has tolerant doctrine it will not have the potential for tolerant for other religion.
- The Fundamentalism Project editors and authors broadly classified the world religions as Abrahamic and non-Abrahamic.
- They broadly agreed that the phenomenon of fundamentalism is more accurately applicable to Abrahamic faiths and not to Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and other Asian faiths.
- They have also concluded that in non-Abrahamic traditions—namely South East Asian and Far Eastern—sacred texts do not play the same constitutive role as in the Abrahamic faiths.
- The exclusive doctrines in texts contain seeds of intolerance. Adherents of two religions clash because of mutual intolerance of the other faithful.
Human individuals naturally so prone to intolerance need to be moderated by a tolerant doctrine. If the doctrine itself is intolerant, it even legitimizes intolerance as a doctrinal duty. At this point, an intolerant faith tends to make even the tolerant one intolerant and escalate intolerance. When intolerant faiths meet with tolerant ones, then it tends to erode and destroy the tolerance of the tolerant faith.
[Source: Hindu-Buddhist Ideal for conflict avoidance & Environmental consciouness]